Senin, 22 April 2013

Irregular dan Regular Verbs

Verb (Kata Kerja) dalam kalimat berfungsi sebagai pembentuk predikat. Dalam bahasa Inggris kita mengenal ada dua kelompok verbs yaitu Regular Verbs dan Irregular Verbs. Perbedaan dari kedua kelompok kata kerja ini adalah dari bentuk dan pronounciation nya. Dari masing-masing kelompok sama-sama lagi terdiri atas bentuk Present Tense (Verb 1), bentuk Past Tense (Verb2), bentuk Past Participle (Verb 3) dan Present Participle (Verb Ing). Verb 1 atau bentuk kata kerja Present Tense biasanya dipakai dalam Tenses Simple Present Tense, sedangkan Verb 2 atau bentuk kata kerja Past Tense dipakai pada tenses Simple Past Tense, Verb 3 dipakai pada tenses Perfect Tense (Present, Past dan Future) dan kalimat Passive. Verb Ing dipakai pada tenses Progressive (Present, Past dan Future).
Bagi sebagian siswa, kata kerja ini merupakan sebuah momok yang menakutkan. Padahal belajar bahasa Inggris tanpa memperhatikan bentuk kata kerjanya juga akan kacau jadinya. Oleh karena itu, di sini saya akan menuliskan bentuk-bentuk kata kerja, baik Regular maupun Irregular yang saya lengkapi dengan suaranya (pengucapannya). Untuk suara atau pengucapan kata kerja tersebut silahkan Click di Sini! Bacalah petunjuk instalsinya sebelum melakukan instal di komputer anda!!

DAFTAR KATA KERJA TAK BERATURAN
(IRREGULAR VERBS)
VERB  I VERB II VERB III ARTI
Abide Abode Abode Berdiam
Arise Arose Arisen Terbit
Awake Awoke Awoke Bangun
Backbite Backbit Backbitten mengumpat
Be (am, is, are) Was, were Been Ada, adalah
Bear Bore Born lahir
Beat Beat Beaten Memukul
Become Became Become Menjadi
Befall Befell Befallen Menimpa
Beget Begot Begotten Melahirkan
Begin Began Begun Memulai
Behold Beheld Beheld Melihat
Bend Bent Bent Membengkokan
Bereave Bereft Bereft Merampas
Beset Beset Beset Menyerang, Mengelilingi
Bespeak Bespoke Bespoken Memesan
Bet Bet Bet Bertaruh
Betake Betook Betaken Pergi, melarikan diri
Bethink Bethought Bethought Berpikir, mengingat
Bid Bade, bid Bidden, bid Minta, menawar
Bind Bound Bound Mengikat
Bite Bit Bitten Menggigit
Bleed Bled Bled Berdarah
Bless Blest, blessed Blest, blessed Memberkati
Blow Blew Blown Bertiup, berhembus, menghembus
Break Broke Broken Memecahkan, mematahkan
Bring Brought Brought membawa
Broadcast Broadcast Broadcast Memancarkan (radio)
Browbeat Browbeat Browbeaten Menggertak
Overdraw Overdrew Overdrawn melukiskan berlebihan
Have Had Had mempunyai, memiliki
Hear Heard Heard mendengar
Hide Hid Hidden bersembunyi, menyembunyikan
Hit Hit Hit memukul, mengenai
Hold Held Held memegang, menahan
Hurt Hurt Hurt melukai, menyakiti
Inlay Inlaid Inlaid menaruh, menata
Keep Kept Kept memelihara, menyimpan
Kneel Knelt Knelt berlutut, bersujud
Knit Knit, knitted Knit, knitted merajut
Know Knew Known mengenal, mengetahui
Lade Laded Laden memuat
Lay Laid Laid menaruh
Lead Led Led memimpin
Lean Leant, leaned Leant, leaned bersandar
Leap Leapt, leaped Leapt, leaped meloncat
Learn Learnt, learned Learnt, learned belajar
Leave Left Left meninggalkan
Lend Lent Lent meminjamkan
Let Let Let membiarkan
Build built built membangun
Burn Burnt Burnt membakar
Burst Burst Burst merekah, meledak
Buy Bought Bought membeli
Cast Cast Cast melempar
Catch Caught Caught menangkap
Chide Chid Chid mencaci
Choose Chose Chosen memilih
Cleave Clove, cleft Cloven, cleft membelah
Cling Clung Clung melekat
Come Came Come datang
Cost Cost Cost harga, berharga
Creep Crept Crept merangkak
Cut Cut Cut memotong
Deal Dealt Dealt membagi, berdagang
Dig Dug Dug menggali
Do Did Done membuat, mengerjakan
Draw drew drawn menggambar
Dream Dreamt Dreamt bermimpi
Drink Drank Drunk minum
Drive Drove Driven mengendarai
Dwell Dwelt Dwelt menghuni, tinggal
Eat Ate Eaten makan
Fall Fell Fallen jatuh
Feed Fed Fed memberi makan
Feel Felt Felt merasa, merasakan
Fight Fought Fought berkelahi, bertengkar
Find Found Found mendapat, menemukan
Flee Fled Fled melarikan diri
Fly Flew Flown terbang
Forbear Forbore Forborne menahan diri, bersabar
Forbid Forbade Forbidden melarang
Forecast Forecast Forecast meramalkan
Forego Forewent Foregone mendahului
Foresee Foresaw Foreseen meramalkan
Foretell Foretold Foretold meramalkan
Forget Forgot Forgotten melupakan
Forgive Forgave Forgiven memaafkan, mengampuni
Forsake Forsook Forsaken meninggalkan
Forswear Forswore Forsworn mengingkari
Freeze Froze Frozen membeku, membekukan
Gainsay Gainsaid Gainsaid menyangkal, membantah
Get Got Got, gotten memperoleh
Gild Gilt Gilt menyepuh
Give Gave Given memberi, menyerahkan
Go Went Gone pergi, berangkat
Grind Ground Ground mengasah
Grow Grew Grown tumbuh, timbul
Hamstring Hamstrung Hamstrung melumpuhkan
Hang Hung Hung bergantung, menggantung
Light Lighted, lit Lighted, lit menerangi
Lose Lost Lost kehilangan
Make Made Made membuat
Mean Meant Meant bermaksud
Meet Met Met bertemu
Melt Melted molten melebur
Misdeal Misdealt Misdealt salah membagi
Missgive Missgave Missgiven merasa takut
Mislay Mislaid Mislaid lupa menempatkan
Mislead Misled Misled menyesatkan
Mistake Mistook Mistaken salah mengira
Misunderstand Misunderstood Misunderstood salah mengerti
Mow Mowed Mown menyabit
Outride Outrode Outridden berjalan lebih cepat
Outrun Outran Outrun berlari lebih cepat
Outshine Outshone Outshone bersinar lebih terang
Outspread Outspread Outspread terbuka lebar
Overcome Overcame Overcome mengatasi.
Overeat Overate Overeaten terlalu banyak makan
Overhear Overheard Overheard kebetulan mendengar
Oversleep Overslept Overslept ketiduran, kesiangan
Overtake Overtook Overtaken menyusul, mengejar
Overthrow Overthrew Overthrown menjatuhkan, menurunkan
Pay Paid Paid membayar
Prove Proved Proven membuktikan
Put Put Put meletakkan
Quit Quit, quitted Quit, quitted meninggalkan, melepaskan
Read Read Read membaca
Recast Recast Recast menuang kembali
Rend Rent Rent mengoyak, membelah
Repay Repaid Repaid membayar kembali
Reset Reset Reset memasang lagi
Retell Retold Retold menceritakan lagi
Ride Rode Ridden menunggang
Ring Rang Rung berdering, mengepung
Rise Rose Risen naik, terbit
Run Ran Run berlari
Saw Sawed Sawn menggergaji
Say Said Said mengatakan
See Saw Seen melihat
Seek Sought Sought mencari
Sell Sold Sold menjual
Send Sent Sent mengirim
Set Set Set mengatur, menyetel
Sew Sewed Sewn menjahit
Shake Shook Shaken bergoncang
Shave Shaved Shaven mencukur
Shed Shed Shed mengalirkan, menumpahkan
Shine Shone Shone bersinar
Shoot Shot Shot menembak
Show Showed Shown, showed menunjukkan
Shred Shred shredden memarut, mencarik
Shrink Shrank Shrunk mengerut
Stink Stank Stunk berbau busuk
Strew Strewed Strewn menyebar, menaburkan
Stride Strode Stridden melangkah
Strike Struck Struck memukul, mengenai
Strive Strove Striven menuju, mengejar
Sunburn Sunburnt Sunburnt berjemur diri
Sweep
Swept Swept menyapu, menghapus
Swim Swam Swum berenang
Swing Swang Swung membuai, membelok
Take Took Taken mengambil
Teach Taught Taught mengajar
Tear Tore Torn merobek, menyobek
Tell Told Told menceritakan
Think Thought Thought memikirkan, menyangka
Throw Threw Thrown membuang
Thrust Thrust Thrust mendorong, memasukkan
Tread Trod Trodden melangkah, menginjak
Unbend Unbent Unbent meluruskan
Undersell Undersold Undersold menjual di bawah harga
Understand Understood Understood mengerti
Undertake Undertook Undertaken menjalankan, melakukan
Undo Undid Undone membatalkan
Upset Upset Upset mengganggu, mengacaukan
Wake Woke Woken berjaga, bangun
Wear Wore Worn memakai
Weave Wove Woven menenun
Weep Wept Wept mencucurkan
Wet Wet Wet membasahi
Win Won Won memenangkan
Wind Wound Wound memutar, melilit
Withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn mencabut, menarik kembali
Withstand Withstood Withstood melawan, menahan
Wring Wrung Wrung memeras, memulas
Write Wrote Written menulis

DAFTAR KATA KERJA BERATURAN
(REGULAR VERBS)
VERB  I VERB II VERB III ARTI
abase abased abased menghinakan, merendahkan diri
abash abashed abashed memalukan
abate abated abated berkurang
Abbreviate abbreviated abbreviated menyingkat (kata)
abdicate abdicated abdicated turun takhta
abduct abducted abducted menculik
abhor abhorred abhorred membenci, tidak menyukai
abolish abolished abolished menghapuskan
abridge abridged abridged menyingkat, membatasi
absorb absorbed absorbed menyerap
abuse abused abused mencaci-maki,  menyalahgunakan
accelerate accelerated accelerated mempercepat
accept accepted accepted menerima baik
accommodate accommodated accommodated menampung, memuat
accompany accompanied accompanied menemani
accomplish accomplished accomplished menyelesaikan ;
adjust adjusted adjusted menyetel, mengatur
admire admired admired mengagumi, memuji
admit admitted admitted mengaku (-i), menerima
adopt adopted adopted memungut, mengangkat (anak)
adore adored adored memuja, menyembah
advertise advertised advertised mengiklankan
advise advised advised menasihati, menganjurkan
agitate agitated agitated menghasut, menggerakan
allot allotted allotted membagikan, memberikan
alter altered altered mengubah
amplify amplified amplified memperkuat, memperkeras
analyze analyzed analyzed menganalisis, menguraikan
answer answered answered menjawab, mengabulkan
apologize apologized apologized meminta maaf
appear appeared appeared muncul, nampak
apply applied applied menggunakan, memakai
arrange arranged arranged menyusun ;mengatur
ask asked asked minta; bertanya; menayakan
avoid avoided avoided menghindari, menjauhi
ban banned banned melarang
bandage bandaged bandaged membalut
banish banished banished membuang
beg begged begged meminta, mengemis
believe believed believed percaya
betray betrayed betrayed menghianati
blame blamed blamed menyalahkan
blast blasted blasted menghancurkan ; membunyikan
block blocked blocked merintangi, menghalangi
boycott boycotted boycotted memboikot
calculate calculated calculated menghitung, memperhitungkan
call called called memanggil;  menelepon
capture captured captured menangkap
carry carried carried membawa
celebrate celebrated celebrated merayakan
change changed changed mengubah
charter chartered chartered mencarter, menyewa
chat chatted chatted mengobrol, bercakap-cakap
cheat cheated cheated menipu
check checked checked memeriksa
chew chewed chewed mengunyah
circulate circulated circulated mengedarkan, beredar
claim claimed claimed menuntut, meminta
classify classified classified menggolongkan
climb climbed climbed memanjat
close closed closed menutup
compile compiled compiled menyusun, mengumpulkan
conceal concealed concealed menyembunyikan
conduct conducted conducted memimpin
confirm confirmed confirmed menegaskan, memperkuat
connect connected connected menghubungkan, menyambung
cook cooked cooked memasak
copy copied copied menyalin
count counted counted mengitung
criticize criticized critized mengecam, mengkritik
cry cried cried menangis; berteriak
damage damaged damaged merusakkan
dance danced danced berdansa
debate debated debated memperdebatkan
decay decayed decayed membusuk, runtuh
declare declared declared menyatakan, mengumumkan
decorate decorated decorated menghiasi
defend defended defended mempertahankan
defer deferred deferred menunda
delete deleted deleted menghapuskan, menghilangkan
deliver delivered delivered menyerahkan, menyampaikan
deposit deposited deposited mendepositokan
describe described described melukiskan
design designed designed merencanakan
destroy destroyed destroyed memusnahkan
detonate detonated detonated meledak (-kan), meletus (kan)
develop developed developed memperkembangkan
dictate dictated dictated mendiktekan, memerintah
digest digested digested mencerna, menyelami isi (buku)
direct directed directed memimpin; menyutradarai
discuss discussed discussed merundingkan, membicarakan
disturb disturbed disturbed menggangu
divide divided divided membagi, memisahkan
dry dried dried mengeringkan, mengusap
duplicate duplicated duplicated menyalin, meniru
earn earned earned memperoleh
empty emptied emptied mengosongkan
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed menikmati
erase erased erased menghapus
escape escaped escaped meloloskan diri
estimate estimated estimated menaksir, memperkirakan
evaluate evaluated evaluated menilai
examine examined examined memeriksa, menguji
exhibit exhibited exhibited memamerkan, mempertunjukkan
expand expanded expanded memperluas, mengembangkan
explain explained explained menerangkan, menjelaskan
export exported exported mengekspor
face faced faced menghadapi
filter filtered filtered menyaring; merembes, menapis
fix fixed fixed memperbaiki, membetulkan
fold folded folded melipat, membungkus
formulate formulated formulated merumuskan
free freed freed membebaskan, memerdekan
frolic frolicked frolicked bermain-main
fry fried fried menggoreng
gaze gazed gazed memandang, menatap
glow glowed glowed memancarkan cahaya, berpijar
grumble grumbled grumbled mengerutu, mengeluh
guide guided guided menuntun; memimpin, membimbing
handle handled handled mengurus, menangani, memegang
haze hazed hazed memperpelonco
help helped helped membantu, menolong
hesitate hesitated hesitated ragu-ragu, termangu-mangu
hijack hijacked hijacked membajak (pesawat udara), merampok
ignore ignored ignored mengabaikan, tak mengindahkan
imagine imagined imagined mengkhayalkan
import imported imported mengimpor
improve improved improved memperbaiki
insist insisted insisted bersikeras; meminta dengan tegas
instruct instructed instructed mengajar;  memerintahkan
invent invented invented mencipta (-kan)
invest invested invested menanam  (modal)
jog jogged jogged menyentakkan; berlari pelan-pelan
jumble jumbled jumbled mencampurbaurkan, mencampuradukan
jump jumped jumped meloncat (i), melompat
kick kicked kicked menyepak, menendang
kidnap kidnapped kidnapped menculik
kill killed killed membunuh
kiss kissed kissed mencium
knock knocked knocked mengetuk
label labelled labelled meberikan nama, menamakan
land landed landed mendarat (-kan)
launch launched launched meluncurkan, melancarkan
legalize legalized legalized mengesahkan
lessen lessened lessened mengurangi, memperkecil
lift lifted lifted mengangkat, mencabut
limit limited limited membatasi
listen listened listened mendengarkan,  memperhatikan
localize localized localized melokalisasi, menempatkan
lock locked locked mengunci
look looked looked melihat
mail mailed mailed mengeposkan
maintain maintained maintained mempertahankan; memelihara
manage managed managed mengurus, mengatur
memorize memorized memorized menghafalkan
mimic mimicked mimicked memimikan, meniru
mix mixed mixed mencampurkan, membuat adonan
nap napped napped tidur sebentar (di siang hari)
neglect neglected neglected lalai; melalaikan
notify notified notified memberitahukan
number numbered numbered menomori
obey obeyed obeyed mematuhi
observe observed observed mengamati; meninjau
occur occurred occurred terjadi
offend offended offended menyakiti hati
offer offered offered menawarkan
open opened opened membuka
operate operated operated mengoperasi; menjalankan
orbit orbitted orbitted mengorbitkan
pacify pacified pacified menenangkan, mendamaikan
paint painted painted melukis; mengecat
panic panicked panicked membuat panik; menjadi panik
pass passed passed lulus; melewati
peep peeped peeped mengintip
perform performed performed melakukan; memainkan
phone phoned phoned menelpon
photocopy photocopied photocopied membuat fotokopi
picnic picnicked picnicked berpiknik
play played played bermain; memainkan
postpone postponed postponed menunda
prepare prepared prepared mempersiapkan
present presented presented menyajikan, memperkenalkan
print printed printed mencetak
process processed processed memroses
propel propelled propelled menggerakkan
provide provided provided menyediakan, mengadakan
pull pulled pulled menarik, menghela, mendaki
push pushed pushed mendorong, mendesak
quake quaked quaked bergoncang (bumi),  gemetar
qualify qualified qualified memenuhi syarat
quarrel quarrelled quarrelled bertengkar, bercekcok
question questioned questioned menanya (-i)
quicken quickened quickened mempercepat
quiz quizzed quizzed menguji (siswa), memeriksa (polisi)
quote quoted qouted mengutip
raid raided raided menggerebek
rebel rebelled rebelled memberontak
refresh refreshed refreshed menyegarkan
repair repaired repaired memperbaiki, mengundurkan diri
reply replied replied menjawab
report reported reported melaporkan
review reviewed reviewed meninjau lagi, memeriksa
rob robbed robbed merampok, merampas
rub rubbed rubbed menggosok
sabotage sabotaged sabotaged menyabot, merusakkan
sail sailed sailed belayar
satisfy satisfied satisfied memuaskan
settle settled settled menyelesaikan, menyudahi
ship shipped shipped mengapalkan
smoke smoked smoked merokok, menghisap
spray sprayed sprayed menyemprot
stabilize stabilized stabilized memantapkan, menstabilkan
stop stopped stopped berhenti; menghentikan
supply supplied supplied menyediakan, memenuhi
tackle tackled tackled memecahkan (persoalan)
talk talked talked berbicara, bercakap-cakap
telephone telephoned telephoned menelepon
televise televised televised menyiarkan melalui televisi
thicken thickened thickened mempertebal; mengentalkan
thin thinned thinned memperjarang; mengencerkan
tie tied tied mengikat
train trained trained berlatih; melatih
travel travelled travelled bepergian
type typed typed mengetik
underline underlined underlined menggarisbawahi
update updated updated memperbaharui, membaharui
urge urged urged mendorong; mendesak
urinate urinated urinated berkemih
use used used memakai
vend vended vended menjual keliling
ventilate ventilated ventilated menukar udara( kamar)
veto vetoed vetoed memveto
vie vied vied berlomba-lomba, bersaingan
visit visited visited mengunjungi; berkunjung
vote voted voted memberikan suara
wait waited waited menunggu
walk walked walked berjalan
wash washed washed mencuci
waste wasted wasted memboroskan; membuang (waktu)
watch watched watched memirsa; menonton
whip whipped whipped mencambuk
whisper whispered whispered membisikkan
whistle whistled whistled bersiul
worry worried worried mencemaskan
zoom zoomed zoomed menanjak (bisnis,biaya hidup)
yawn yawned yawned menguap (krn mengantuk)
yell yelled yelled berteriak, memekik
yield yielded yielded menyerah, mengalah
zipper zippered zippered menutup ritsleting
zip zipped zipped menutup ritsleting (to zip up)

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